Thursday, December 4, 2008

The Adventures of Tintin

The Adventures of Tintin in Film

a color drawing of Tintin and Snowy

Here is a brief filmography of live-action and animated film adaptations of The Adventures of Tintin:

The Crab with the Golden Claws (1947) - animated, based on the book.
Tintin and the Golden Fleece (1961) - live action, developed from an original script.
Tintin and the Blue Oranges (1964) - live action, developed from an original script.
Tintin and the Temple of the Sun (1969) - animated, based on the book.
Tintin et la SGM (1970), animated promotional short film by Belvision (10',[39]).
Tintin and the Lake of Sharks (1972) - based on an original script and subsequently adapted into comic book form.

a color picture of Tintin and Company

The Tintin Movie
Tintin, scheduled for a December 23rd, 2011 release, is a motion capture 3-D film based The Adventures of Tintin, a series of comic books created by Belgian artist Georges "Hergé" Remi. It will be directed by Steven Spielberg, and the script by Steven Moffat is based on two directly-linked stories published in the 1940s, The Secret of the Unicorn and Red Rackham's Treasure, the latter of which introduced Professor Calculus. Andy Serkis is playing Captain Haddock.

color photo of

Spielberg first acquired rights to Tintin after Hergé's death in 1983, and re-optioned them in 2002. Filming was due to begin in October 2008, but was delayed after Universal opted out of producing the film with Paramount, who provided $30 million on pre-production. The delay resulted in Thomas Sangster, who had been cast as Tintin, departing from the project. Producer Peter Jackson, whose company Weta Digital is providing the animation, intends to direct a sequel. Spielberg and Jackson also hope to co-direct a third film.

the iconic image of Tintin and Snowy from the film version of #39;Tintin#39;

Spielberg has been an avid fan of The Adventures of Tintin comic books, which he discovered in 1981 when a review compared Raiders of the Lost Ark to Tintin. His secretary bought him French-language editions of each book, but Spielberg did not have to understand them: he immediately fell in love with its art. Meanwhile, the comics' creator Hergé, who hated the previous live action film versions and the cartoon, became a fan of Spielberg. Michael Farr, author of Tintin: The Complete Companion, recalled Hergé "thought Spielberg was the only person who could ever do Tintin justice". Spielberg and his production partner Kathleen Kennedy of Amblin Entertainment were scheduled to meet with Hergé in 1983 while filming Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom in London. Hergé died that week, but his widow decided to give them the rights. A three-year long option to film the comics was finalized in 1984, with Universal as distributor.

a color movie still image of Thompson (Simon Pegg) and Thomson (Nick Frost) with the thief Eilk (Toby Jones)

Spielberg commissioned E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial (1982) writer Melissa Mathison to script a film where Tintin battles ivory hunters in Africa. Unsatisfied, Spielberg continued with production on Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989). The rights returned to the Hergé Foundation. Claude Berri and Roman Polanski became interested in filming the property, while Warner Brothers. negotiated long and hard for the rights, but they could not guarantee the "creative integrity" that the Hergé Foundation found in Spielberg. In 2001, Spielberg revealed his interest in depicting Tintin with computer animation. In November 2002, his studio DreamWorks reestablished the option to film the series. Spielberg said he would just produce the film. In 2004, the French magazine Capital reported Spielberg was intending a trilogy based on: Secret of the Unicorn (Le Secret de la Licorne) and Red Rackham's Treasure, (Le Trésor de Rackham le Rouge) The Seven Crystal Balls (Les Sept boules de cristal) and Prisoners of the Sun (Le Temple du Soleil), The Blue Lotus (Le Lotus bleu) and Tintin in Tibet(Tintin au Tibet) (the last two are not a single story, but both feature the Chang Chong-Chen character).

color photograph of director Peter Jackson

Meanwhile, Peter Jackson, who had long been fascinated with 3-D filmmaking, was impressed by recent advances in the format. Spielberg and Jackson agreed that a live action adaptation would not do justice to the comic books and motion capture was the best way of representing Hergé's world of Tintin. A week of filming took place in November 2007 in Playa Vista, Los Angeles, California, on the stage where James Cameron shot Avatar. Serkis had been cast, while Jackson stood in for Tintin. Cameron was present during the shoot. The footage was transmitted to Weta Digital, who produced a twenty-minute test reel that demonstrated a photorealistic depiction of the characters.

a color photo of Steven MoffatAn official announcement about the collaboration was made in May 2007, although both filmmakers had to wait to film it: Spielberg was preparing Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull (which was due for May 2008) and Jackson was planning The Lovely Bones (October 2009). In October 2007, Steven Moffat was announced as having signed on to write the screenplays for two of the Tintin films. Moffat said he was "love bombed" by Spielberg into accepting the offer to write the films, with the director promising to shield him from studio interference with his writing. Moffat finished the first script, but could not complete the second because of the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike. He then became executive producer of Doctor Who, leading Spielberg and Jackson (the latter of whom is a fan of the show) to allow him to leave and fulfil his duty to the series.

More filming took place in March 2008. It will take thirty days to shoot each film; Spielberg will film his in Los Angeles while Jackson will film his in New Zealand. An internet connection between Weta in New Zealand will allow Spielberg to view the animated version of his film while shooting in Los Angeles. But in August 2008, a month before principal photography would have begun, Universal turned down their option to co-produce the film, citing the low box office of Monster House and Beowulf as well as the directors' usual request for 30% of the gross. Paramount Pictures (DreamWorks' distributor) had hoped to partner with Universal on the project having spent $30 million on pre-production. Spielberg was embarrassed that Paramount would have to fully finance the film, because he was leaving the studio. He gave a ten-minute presentation of footage, hoping they would approve for filming to begin in October. Paramount offered to produce if the directors opted out of their gross percentage deals: Spielberg and Jackson declined and looked for new options. By October 31, 2008 Sony was in negotiations to co-finance and distribute the first film.

color movie still image of the rescue of shipwrecked Tintin, Captain Haddock and Snowy

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia articles The Adventures of Tintin: Secret of the Unicorn and The Adventures of Tintin.

color movie still image of Tintin and Captain Haddock lost in the desert

Newer Article: Andalusian Gaspacho, a recipe by Van Wyck Brooks

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